Arbu Academic


Table of Contents

Publication Ethics and Publication Malpractice Statement

The guidelines and recommendations of international organizations such as the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), the World Association of Medical Editors (WAME), the Council of Science Editors (CSE), the European Association of Science Editors (EASE), and the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) are taken into consideration throughout the publication process of ARBU Academic Publishing journals.

We regularly provide the necessary guidance for editors, writers, reviewers, and publication staff to ensure full compliance with the international academic publishing standards.

Peer Review

Manuscripts submitted to ARBU Academic Publishing journals are peer reviewed by a team of experienced independent experts.

The peer review process is managed by an independent editorial board at each journal. The editor-in-chief, who is appointed by the journal’s home organization, selects the members of the editorial team.

Each submission goes through an initial screening process in which journal editors have the option to reject manuscripts without further review. Manuscripts that are approved for peer review are assigned to a managing editor, who works with a team of external reviewers.

A double-blind peer review, wherein identities of the authors and reviewers are not disclosed to one another, is conducted by all ARBU Academic Publishing journals.

Final decisions are based on the recommendations of the reviewers and the managing editor, with final approval granted by the journal’s editor-in-chief. All appeals and complaints are handled by the editorial board of each journal according to COPE guidelines. An ombudsperson may be assigned to resolve any cases that cannot be internally resolved by the journal’s editorial board.

Conflict(s) of Interest

ARBU Academic Publishing journals require that local ethics committee approval of research protocols be submitted with the manuscript. Manuscripts that report the results of experimental investigation with human subjects must include a statement indicating that informed consent was obtained after the procedure(s) had been fully explained to the participants or the appropriate guardian in the case of children or others who cannot provide consent.

ARBU Academic Publishing journals require all individuals involved in the peer review process to disclose any existing or potential conflict(s) of interest, including financial, personal, ideological, and academic issues that may lead to any bias.

All authors and co-authors are required to submit the ICMJE’s Potential Conflict of Interest Disclosure Form.

Editors and reviewers are also encouraged to disclose any conflict(s) of interest regarding the submissions assigned to them.


Throughout the evaluation and publication processes, manuscripts submitted to ARBU Academic Publishing journals are screened (multiple times) for plagiarism by using Crossref Similarity Check (iThenticate). If it is detected that the submitting authors have plagiarized any portion of the manuscript, the editorial board of the journal will act in accordance with the relevant COPE guidelines.


In the event of alleged/suspected research misconduct (e.g., plagiarism, citation manipulation, and data falsification/fabrication), ARBU Academic Publishing journals will act in accordance with the relevant COPE guidelines.

Copyright Policy and Open Access

ARBU Academic Publishing journals are available online and free of charge.

The content of ARBU Academic Publishing journals is licensed under various copyright formats, including the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License, which allows third parties to freely share the content under the following terms;

Attribution : Authors (users) must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. Authors may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses their use.

NonCommercial :  Authors (users) may NOT use the material for commercial purposes.

NoDerivatives: If authors (users) remix, transform, or build upon the material, Authors (users) may NOT distribute the modified material.

Although the content of some journals are licensed with a traditional copyright, they will still be available online and free of charge.

Publication Fees

As ARBU Academic Publishing journals are open access publications, authors are not charged any submission or publication fee.

The publication expenses are covered through the financial resources of each journal’s owner or home institution, with occasional support from the journal’s advertisement revenue.

Accepted articles are usually published between 4 and 12 weeks. A fee may be charged when there is a request for a manuscript to be published ahead of the usual publication schedule.

Archiving Policy

The content published by most ARBU Academic Publishing journals is electronically preserved using our online manuscript management system to ensure its availability to scientists and researchers.

Advertising Policy

Although each ARBU Academic Publishing journal is financially supported by the journal’s owner or home institution, a limited number of advertisements may be presented.

Advertisement sales and editorial workflow processes are separated from each other to secure editorial independency and to mitigate any influences from financial interests.

The published advertisements are clearly marked and easily distinguishable from the editorial content.

It is the advertisers’ responsibly to ensure that their advertisements are in accordance with the governing laws regarding content and ethical issues that are deceiving and/or offensive.